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Mengenal Apa Itu Fasad Rumah, Fungsi dan Contohnya

Terakhir diperbarui 27 Desember 2023 · 5 min read · by Miyanti Rahman

Fasad RumahGambar: Canva

Fasad merupakan salah satu bagian terpenting pada sebuah bangunan. Bagian ini akan membentuk kesan pertama apabila orang lain melihat rumahmu dari luar.

Bagi yang belum terlalu paham tentang konsep fasad, Rumah123.com akan membahas secara lengkap apa itu fasad rumah, fungsi dan contohnya dalam artikel ini. Mari kita simak!

Fasad Artinya

Fasad ArtinyaGambar: Canva

Dalam Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) fasad adalah muka bangunan. Kata fasad sendiri berasal dari bahasa Perancis facade yang artinya depan atau muka.

Sementara itu,  arti fasad rumah adalah sisi luar sebuah bangunan tempat tinggal. Namun bukan hanya bagian depan saja, tetapi meliputi samping dan belakangnya.

Sedangkan menurut The Visual Dictionary of Architecture, fasad artinya sebagian bidang dari depan sebuah bangunan yang bisa menentukan gaya arsitektur dan desain.

Contohnya, sisi luar rumah Kemang Eminence yang simpel menandakan model rumah minimalis modern. Apabila penasaran, silakan lihat detail unitnya di bawah.

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Fasad adalah wajah utama sebuah bangunan yang ikut mencerminkan karakter si pemilik properti. Maka dari itu, pilihlah rumah dengan sisi luar yang menarik!

Seperti hunian dalam perumahan Kemang Eminence di atas. Selain memiliki fasad rumah minimalis 2 lantai yang cantik, lingkungan kompleks juga nyaman dan asri.

Demikian penjelasan pengertian fasad secara umum. Sekarang kita akan menjabarkan fungsinya yang bermanfaat bagi orang lain maupun pemilik rumah itu sendiri.

Fungsi Fasade Bangunan

Fungsi Fasade BangunanGambar: Canva

  • Memberikan gambaran kepada orang lain yang sedang mencari letak rumahmu. Fasad adalah visual utama yang bisa menjadi patokan sebuah bangunan.
  • Memperlihatkan identitas dan selera desain pemilik rumah. Pasalnya, fasad adalah elemen estetis yang mencerminkan karakter dan ciri khas model bangunan.
  • Menentukan nilai komersial rumah, lantaran fasad arsitektur yang menarik akan menyita perhatian calon pembeli.

Material Penyusun Fasad

Batu Bata

Umumnya fasad rumah menampilkan bentuk yang geometris seperti garis, lengkung, kotak, persegi panjang dan lain-lain. Material penyusunnya beraneka ragam salah satunya batu bata.

Batu bata dan sejenisnya adalah material konstruksi untuk mendirikan seluruh rumah. Material ini memungkinkan bangunan untuk berdiri se-kokoh mungkin.

Selain itu, jenis material batu bata ekspos menampilkan keindahan tersendiri, yang bisa memberi nilai seni tambahan untuk fasad rumahmu, juga menghidupkan kesan otentik.

Kayu

Material penyusun fasad berikutnya adalah kayu. Seperti halnya batu alam atau batu bata, kayu juga mampu menopang struktur bawah, tengah dan atas bangunan.

Biasanya material kayu pada fasad rumah ditemukan pada bagian pagar, pintu, jendela, kursi atau meja tamu dan lain-lain. Dari segi desain, kayu sanggup memberikan kesan hangat.

Kayu dipilih sebagai material penyusun fasad karena bersifat praktis dan cocok untuk gaya arsitektur dan desain apa pun dari minimalis, Scandinavian, tropis sampai klasik.

Baca juga:

Inspirasi Rumah Kayu yang Artistik dan Modern

Metal

Tahukah kamu, sekarang metal menjadi salah satu bahan yang sedang populer untuk membangun rumah. Metal sering digunakan pada bagian interior maupun eksterior bangunan.

Metal cocok kalau diterapkan pada rumah bergaya industrial modern. Material penyusun fasad ini bisa memberikan kesan unik, maskulin dan tegas.

Salah satu kelebihan menggunakan metal, yaitu lebih tahan rayap daripada kayu. Namun, walaupun demikian kamu harus tetap merawatnya agar tak cepat berkarat.

Kemarik dan Bebatuan

Banyak orang memilih keramik sebagai material penyusun fasad. Alasannya, pemasangan keramik pada bagian lantai atau dinding bisa menjaga kekuatan bangunan.

Keramik adalah material bangunan yang sangat populer sejak dahulu. Bahkan orang-orang dari zaman Mesir kuno sudah memanfaatkannya.

Selanjutnya, bebatuan yang sering digunakan oleh pemilik rumah untuk menampilkan kesan natural. Beberapa contohnya, yaitu batu candi, andesit, palimanan dan lain-lain.

5 Komponen Fasad Rumah Modern

5 Komponen Fasad Rumah ModernGambar: Canva

Pintu

Jika bicara soal pintu, maka komponen ini terdiri dari gerbang atau entrance serta pintu masuk. Fungsinya mengatur arus keluar masuk manusia dari dalam dan luar rumah.

Pintu menunjukkan transisi bagian publik dan privat pada bangunan. Model dan warnanya harus diselaraskan dengan seluruh bagian sisi luar bangunan.

Jendela

Jendela adalah lubang pada dinding yang diberi penutup. Fungsinya sebagai jalur sirkulasi udara, tempat masuknya sinar matahari dan area untuk melihat pemandangan ke luar rumah.

Ada jendela yang berbentuk segitiga, persegi, lingkaran, bahkan ada yang tidak beraturan. Kehadiran jendela bisa membuat kita hemat penggunaan listrik pada siang hari.

Dinding

Seperti diketahui, dinding merupakan struktur padat yang membatasi dan melindungi suatu area, serta menyokong struktur lain pada sebuah bangunan.

Dinding fasad depan rumah bisa memisahkan bagian interior dan eksterior rumah. Secara struktural ada tiga bagian dinding yaitu dinding bangunan, pembatas dan penahan.

Teritisan

Teritisan adalah perpanjangan atap yang menjorok melebihi dinding dan dibuat secara terpisah dengan atap utama. Biasanya, terdapat pada  desain fasad rumah minimalis tropis.

Fungsi komponen ini sebagai pelindung rumah dari sinar matahari dan cucuran air hujan. Maka dari itu, rumah di negara beriklim tropis seperti Indonesia sering menggunakannya.

Sun Shading

Sama halnya seperti teritisan, sun shading merupakan komponen penting dari sebuah fasad yang kurang begitu dikenal oleh awam. Bagian ini mengurangi kesilauan.

Berdasarkan teorinya, ada tiga cara meletakkan sun shading pada muka bangunan rumah yaitu vertikal, horizontal, dan egg crate shading. Cocok diterapkan pada muka bangunan rumah minimalis 2 lantai.

Contoh Fasad Rumah

Fasad Rumah dengan Roster

Rumah dengan RosterSumber: Archdaily

Fasad Rumah Industrial 2 Lantai

Rumah Industrial 2 LantaiSumber: Archdaily

Fasad Rumah Minimalis 1 Lantai

Rumah Minimalis 1 LantaiSumber: Archdaily

Fasad Rumah Minimalis Modern

Rumah Minimalis ModernSumber: Archdaily

Fasad Rumah Scandinavian

Fasad Rumah Scandinavian 1 Lantai

Rumah Scandinavian 1 LantaiFasad rumah 1 lantai: Archdaily

Fasad Rumah Scandinavian 2 Lantai

Rumah Scandinavian 2 LantaiFasad rumah 2 lantai: Archdaily

Itulah beberapa contoh muka bangunan rumah modern, minimalis, industrial hingga Skandinavia. Semoga informasi ini bermanfaat untukmu!

Punya pertanyaan seputar properti? Yuk, Tanya Rumah123 di sini!